In Turkey there are about 1000 thermal springs scattered throughout western Ana tolia. Thermal spas with facilities for therapeutic treatments are as follows:
Bursa Most of the thermal springs, in both modern and historical settings, are in the dis trict of Cekirge. The waters contain bicarbonate, sulphur, sodium, calcium and magne sium, (47-78C), and are suitable for both drinking and bathing cures. Benefical for rheumatical, gynaecological and dermatological diseases and for the metabolism. A wide range of accommodation in 1st to 4th class hotels, is available, as is medical supervision.
Yalova Thermal springs situated 11 km southwest of Yalova with a bed capacity of 600 - 800 in hotels and guest houses. The thermal waters contain sulphur, sodium and cal cium (55 - 60C) and are suitable for drinking and bathing cures. Benefits rheumati cal, gynaecological, urinary and nervous complaints and controls cholesterol and lipid levels.
Gonen Situated to the north of Balikesir, it has a treatment centre with 381 bed capacity. Thermal waters contain sulphur, chloride, sodium, hydrocarbonate and carbondioxide (78 - 82C). Suitable for both drinking and bathing cures, the waters are beneficial for dermatological, liver, rheumatic, urinary and nervous complaints.
Cesme Bay of Ilica and Sifne (7 km east of Cesme) have accommodation in every cate gory and class with a total capacity of 2000 beds. Waters contain chloride, sodium, magnesium, fluoride (42 - 55C), and are suitable for drinking and bathing cures, be nefitting dermatological, gynaecological and urinary complaints as well as the metabo lism.
Pamukkale and Karahayit North of Denizli (20 km) with accommodation of 500 total bed capacity. Thermal waters contain hydrocarbonate, sulphur, calcium, carbondioxide and iron (33 - 56 C, radioactive) and are suitable for drinking and bathing, benefitting heart and circulatory complaints as well as digestive, gall bladder, rheumatic and kidney diseases.
Hudayi Southwest of Sandlkli (10 km) in Afyon province, there is a small treatment centre with 100 bed capacity. Waters contain sulphur, hydrocarbonate, sodium, calcium, car bondioxide, bromide and fluoride (60-70C, radioactive) and are good for drinking and bathing and benefit rheumatic, skin, gynaecological, and digestive complaints.
Ilgin Situated to the northwest of Konya with basic accommodation available but having an excellent treatment centre. Waters contain hydrocarbonate, calcium, sodium and carbondioxide (42C, radioactive), and are beneficial for rheumatic, dermatological, gynaecological, urinary, circulatory and heart diseases, and also for glandular and di gestive complaints.
Balcova It is 10 km west of izmir with a 400 bed capacity and has the largest indoor ther mal pool in Turkey. Ege University recognizes the value of these hot springs and has built a treatment centre nearby. The water (62C) is suitable for drinking and bathing benefitting sciatica, gynaecological and nervous disorders plus intestinal and urinary problems.
Sakar It is 33 km. north of Eskisehir near the town of Sarlcakaya. The waters (35C) con tain sodium, magnesium and bicarbonate, benefitting the skin, and complaints of scia tica and rheumatism and kidney stones.
Bolu It is on the Ankara - Istanbul highway 4 km south of Bolu with a 250 bed capacity. Waters (44C) contain calcium, magnesium, sulphur and bicarbonate and benefit the cures of rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica and gynaecological, liver and kidney disea ses.
Kizilcahamam It is 86 km from Ankara at 975 m above sea level. The waters (37 - 47C) contain sodium, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate and chlorine. Good for drinking and bathing benefitting the cures of rheumatism, neuralgia and gynaecological and digestive di sorders.
Balikli (Yilanli) Cermik This interesting spa is situated 12 km northeast of Kangal in the province of Sivas. The waters (35C) contain bicarbonate, calcium and magnesium. In the baths are many small fish (2-10 cms) and these play an important part in the cure of psoriasis. The waters are also beneficial for rheumatism, skin diseases, arterial sclerosis and gynaecological complaints. There are motels, restaurants and camping facilities as well as shops for provisions.
Orucoglu, Thermal Center Orucoglu Thermal Center is 14 kilometers from Afyon. The temperature of the spring water is 49C. The water is rich in CO2, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, bromide and fluoride.
It has beneficial effects on arthritis, sciatica, disc hernia, neuritis, neuralgia, lumba go, osteoathrosis and is also beneficial after orthopaedic surgery, and various other surgical treatments as post operative therapy. It can also be used in the rehabilitation of spastic children and polio patients with mental retardation. Patients with skin ail ments like psoriasis, feeding problems, stomach, intestine and gall bladder, kidney, urinary tract and gynecological disorders, and muscle and nerve fatigue also benefit from it. It is good for balancing the iron ratio, and has rehabilitation value in the treat ment of hemiplegia. There is a modern complex in the area.